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What is a Disability?

The Preamble to the United Nations Convention of Persons with Disability states:

‘Disability is an evolving concept, and that disability results from the interaction between persons with impairments and attitudinal and environmental barriers that hinders full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others’.

Article 1 of the Convention of Persons with A Disability states:

‘Persons with disabilities include those who have long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others’.

Disability can be:

  • Physical – affects a person’s mobility or dexterity
  • Intellectual – affects a person’s ability to learn
  • Psychiatric – affects a person’s thinking processes
  • Sensory – affects a person’s ability to hear or see
  • Neurological – results in the loss of some bodily or mental functions